Policy overview

Tanzania’s National Health Policy (2007) sets the tone for a number of other national health frameworks by recognizing the need and right to access health services including reproductive health services. National health frameworks such as the National Road Map Strategic Plan to Accelerate Reduction of Maternal Newborn and Child Deaths (2008-2015) and National Family Planning Costed Implementation Program (NFPCIP) serve as the foundation for the current One Plan II (2016-2020) that has family planning as one of its core interventions.  The National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (MKUKUTA I & II), and the now Five Year Development Plan (2016/2021) anchored on Tanzania Development Vision 2025, all underscore the integral role of family planning in national development.

Related policy documents such as the Health Sector Strategic Plans (I-IV) have continued to underscore quality health services, through set objectives, approaches and indicators, including those of the Reproductive Maternal Neonatal Adolescent and Child Health (RMNCAH) services. Such interventions highlight key areas such as mobilizing Community Health Workers (CHWs) to improve RMNCAH services; enhance public-private partnership towards a more logistical support for the services; strategic communication and campaigns; and RMNCAH service delivery through a continuum of care – family planning, antenatal care, labour and delivery, and care during the postnatal period for both mother and the newborn.

Linked to these founding frameworks at national development policy initiatives, namely the National Development Vision 2025; the Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (MKUKUTA I & II); the Five-Year Development Plan (FYDP I-III), and the Big Results Now. These over-aching policy frameworks are intended to unleash Tanzania’s latent growth potential towards building a middle-income economy through inclusive participation including that of the private sector so as to expedite economic growth and transformation. Collectively, these initiatives provide strategic direction and approaches with emphasis on prioritization, focused planning, and efficient resource management, accountability, and discipline in program implementation through focused monitoring and evaluation.

Tanzania is among the 69 developing countries that have committed to the Family Planning 2020 (FP2020) initiative aimed at reaching 120 million women and girls with family planning information, services and supplies by 2020. It is also among the first countries in Africa to benefit from the Global Financing Facility (GFF) for RMNCAH programs by stimulating domestic resource mobilization and results-based financing.