In marking the International Women’s Day this month, the Tanzania Parliamentary Association on Population and Development (TPAPD) proclaimed its commitment to make family planning a priority development agenda at all forums.
The legislators expressed concern over the current high population growth of 2.7 per cent per annum, and a slow growth in contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) of 32%. TPAPD issued the Declaration of Commitment during its executive committee meeting held in Dar es Salaam recently to discuss family planning and development.
In the Declaration, that TPAPD Chairperson Hon Dr. Mary Mwanjelwa signed, the association committed to prioritize family planning issues in parliament, at constituency, council and community level forums, and at all events to enhance public and leadership understanding of the benefits of family planning on health and socio-economic development.
TPAPD noted with concern the country’s high fertility rate of 5.2 children per woman in reproductive age, a slow growing CPR, and an increasing teenage pregnancy rate of 27% (2015) from 23% contraceptive prevalence rate of 32%, and re-affirmed its dedication towards realizing universal access to voluntary quality family planning information and services in Tanzania.
Family planning is a pre-requisite to enabling the country to manage high fertility that often generates high dependency and accentuates poverty, further frustrating the country’s efforts to achieve its Vision 2025 Goal of a high-quality livelihood for the people, and a strong and competitive economy.
About 65 percent of the country’s population is under the age of 25, and adolescents and youth had little or no access to information, contraceptives, and services, hence exposing them to risks associated with poor reproductive health status. TPAPD stressed that young people ought to be empowered with information and services to enable them to make informed decisions on reproductive health issues including family planning.
Tanzania Health and Demographic Survey (2015-16) says that increased use of family planning has the potential of about 44% to contribute towards lowering the country’s high maternal mortality rate (MMR) of 556 per 100,000 live births and attaining the target of 293 MMR by 2020; as well in reducing child deaths by about 35%.
TPAPD acknowledged the progress made thus far to advance family planning by placing it at the core of the RMNCAH also known as One Plan II, and acknowledge the government’s sustained efforts in the provision of quality family planning services in an integrated manner, as well as the budgetary allocations being made both at national and at council level.
TPAPD, Dr. Mwanjelwa said, shall continue to catalyze the process and build on the current achievements so that family planning becomes a critical agenda in development planning.
An electronic copy of the TPAPD Declaration of Commitment (2017) is available here.